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THE Basketball STATS GLOSSARY

Castellano Español Updated: 23/09/04
Final Revision: 29/09/05

This page is still part 
of our ARCHIVES: See below !

29/09/2005 - This is the LAST UPDATE of the GLOSSARY:
from now on the terms ARE ADDED TO AND GLOBALIZED only at the
Global Basketball Encyclopedia
.

    B     C     D     E     F     G     H     I     J K     L     M     N     O     P     Q R     S     T     U     V W     X Y     Z

References:
Blue= Word with Link to another letter in the GBD.
Maroon= Word referred at the same letter.
Grey=     Word is still referred in the paragraph.
n.= The Word as a Noun
v.= The Word as a Verb
1.,2.= Different Meanings


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A

Altered shot. When a blocker changes the shooter shot causing the shooter to miss the basket.

Assist. The last pass to a teammate that lead directly to a basket.
Any assist is credited to the player tossing the last pass leading directly to a field goal, if and only if the player scoring the goal responds by demonstrating immediate reaction toward the basket.
No more than one assist is to be credited for each field goal.
An in-bounds pass can be an assist, if it leads directly to a field goal.
This Term is Still GLOBALIZED at the
GLOBAL Basketball DIRECTORY 

ABA; ABL; & Alley-Oop pass
are included in the Basketball Game Glossary.

Alive & Alternating-possession rule
are included in the Basketball Rules Glossary.

ALL THE TERMS ARE INCLUDED AND GLOBALIZED IN A UNIQUE GLOBAL Basketball DIRECTORY 

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B

Blocked shot. The successful deflection of a shot by touching part of the ball on its course toward to the basket by a defensive player before it has reached its highest point, thereby preventing a field goal. To study the difference with altered shot on our interpretations go to eBA System. See also "goaltending".

Back; Backboard; Backscreen; Balance, Team play; Ball; "Ball"; Ball Fake; Ball Handler; Ball-Man line; Bang the Boards; Bank Shot; Baseline; Baseline Drive; Basket; "Basket"; Beat the Defender; Belly cut; Bench; Blind or "no look" Pass; Block; Blocker / Mover Offense; Blocking; Block Out; Block to block screen; Board; Boosters; Box-and-Chaser; Box-and-One; Break; Break Away; Brooklyn-Case Attack; Bucket; Bunny; Bury; & Buzzer Beater
are included in the Basketball Game Glossary.

Backboard; Ball; Baseline; Basket; Basket interference; Block; Blocking; Board; Bonus Free Throw; Bonus Situation; & Bucket
are included in the Basketball Rules Glossary.

ALL THE TERMS ARE INCLUDED AND GLOBALIZED IN A UNIQUE GLOBAL Basketball DIRECTORY

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C

Convert. To make a free-throw.

Charge or Charging. An illegal offensive play in which an offensive player runs into a defender who has already planted his feet and established his stationary defensive position and is essentially motionless. If the defender hasn't established position, it is blocking, a defensive foul. See also: pass

Charge Drew. When a defensive player steps in front of an opponent and get a charging call resulting in a turnover for the opponent.

Charging. See Charge or Charging.

Cager; Catch-and-Shoot; CBA; Center; "Clear" Clear out; Clear-Out; Clinic; Close Down; Coast-to-Coast; Collapsing Defense; Collective Bargaining Agreement; Commissioner; Contain; Cornerman; "Court vision" Crash the Boards; Create the Lead; Cripple; Crossover Drible; Cross-Screen; Curl; Cushion; Cut; Cheat; "Check"; Chest Pass & Chucker
are included in the Basketball Game Glossary.

Carrying or Palming; Carry the Ball; Center Circle; Center Line; Center Official; Cords; Corner; Court; Cylinder & Charity Stripe
are included in the Basketball Rules Glossary.

ALL THE TERMS ARE INCLUDED AND GLOBALIZED IN A UNIQUE GLOBAL Basketball DIRECTORY

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D

Defensive Board. 1. The backboard behind the basket a team is defending. 2. A defensive rebound.

Defensive Rebound. A defensive rebound is credited to a player each time he retrieves a live ball immediately following a field goal attempt or a free-throw attempt that is missed by an opponent.

Double-Double. A term indicating that a player has accumulated at least 10 units in two statistical categories (e.g. 10 points and 10 rebounds constitute a double-double.)

Double Figures. Ten or more units in any statistical category.

Defense; Defense Run and Jump; Diamond-and-One Defense; Dictate; Dig; Dish; Dive; Double; Double, High; Double Post; Double Pump; Double-team; Downcourt or Down the Court; Downscreen; Downtown; Dream Team; Dream Team II; Drive to the basket; Drop; Drop Step & Dunk
are included in the Basketball Game Glossary.

Dead Ball; Division Line; Double Foul; Dribble or Dribbling & Dribble Series
are included in the Basketball Rules Glossary.

ALL THE TERMS ARE INCLUDED AND GLOBALIZED IN A UNIQUE GLOBAL Basketball DIRECTORY

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E

Early; & Early Offense
are included in the Basketball Game Glossary.

Elbow; Elbowing; End line; Established Position & Establish Position
are included in the Basketball Rules Glossary.

ALL THE TERMS ARE INCLUDED AND GLOBALIZED IN A UNIQUE GLOBAL Basketball DIRECTORY

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F

Field Goal (FG). A successful shot, when the ball enters the basket from above during play. Field goals are worth two or three points, depending upon whether or not they were taken from beyond the three-points line (set at 22 feet -6.25 meters- from the basket). Also known as a "hoop", "bucket" or "basket"

Field Goal Attempts (FGA). A Field Goal Attempt will be charged to a player every time he shoots, throws or taps a live ball at his opponents basket when he is attempting to score a goal (except when he is fouled in the act of shooting and the goal is not made.)

4-Point Play. A 3-point shot scored followed by a successful free throw.

Free throw. An uncontested shot taken from foul line, 15 feet -4.60 meters- distant, worth one point. Fouls shots are awarded when the opposing teams fouls a player in the act of shooting, or when the opposing team commits a foul against a team that is already in the "bonus". A player who is fouled while in act of shooting receives two or three free throws, depending on whether the shot was taken from inside or outside the three-point line. Also: foul shot.

Fade; Fadeaway Jumper; Fake or Feint; Fallaway Jumper; Fan; Fast break; FIBA; Fill; Final Four; Finals, NBA; Flare; Flash; Flex Offense; Floor; Forward; Foul trouble; Franchise; Franchise Player; Free Agent, restricted; Free Agent, unrestricted; Free Throw Line extended; Freeze; Frontcourt; Full Court Press & Funnel
are included in the Basketball Game Glossary.

False Double Foul; False Multiple Foul; Flagrant foul; Floor Violation; Foul; Foul Circle; Foul Lane; Foul Line; Foul Out; Foul Shot & Free Throw Line
are included in the Basketball Rules Glossary.

ALL THE TERMS ARE INCLUDED AND GLOBALIZED IN A UNIQUE GLOBAL Basketball DIRECTORY

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G

Goal-average. También: Point-average. Promedio de puntos. Promedio de tanteos.

Game Face; Game shots; Gap; Give-and-go; Glass; Go cut; Guard; Guarding & Guarding
are included in the Basketball Game Glossary.

Game Clock & Goaltending
are included in the Basketball Rules Glossary.

ALL THE TERMS ARE INCLUDED AND GLOBALIZED IN A UNIQUE GLOBAL Basketball DIRECTORY

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H

High percentage shot. A shot that is likely to go in the basket, such as a layup.

Hack; Half-court or set offense; Half-Court Press; Hand-checking; Hang time; "Help"; High Double; High Post; Hook shoot & Hoop
are included in the Basketball Game Glossary.

Hardwood & Held Ball
are included in the Basketball Rules Glossary.

ALL THE TERMS ARE INCLUDED AND GLOBALIZED IN A UNIQUE GLOBAL Basketball DIRECTORY

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I

Inbounds Pass & Isolation
are included in the Basketball Game Glossary.

Illegal Defense
is included in the Basketball Rules Glossary.

ALL THE TERMS ARE INCLUDED AND GLOBALIZED IN A UNIQUE GLOBAL Basketball DIRECTORY

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J K

J.  A term for jump shot.

Jump hook; Jump shot; Jump hook & Kick it
are included in the Basketball Game Glossary.

Jump ball; Key & Kicking
are included in the Basketball Rules Glossary.

ALL THE TERMS ARE INCLUDED AND GLOBALIZED IN A UNIQUE GLOBAL Basketball DIRECTORY

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L

Loose ball. A ball that is alive but no in the possession of either team.

Lower percentage shot. A shot that is less likely to go in the basket, such as one thrown by a player who is off balance or outside his shooting range.

Lanes; Layup or layin; Leading the receiver; Lob pass & Low post
are included in the Basketball Game Glossary.

Lane; Lane violation; Live ball & Loose-ball foul
are included in the Basketball Rules Glossary.

ALL THE TERMS ARE INCLUDED AND GLOBALIZED IN A UNIQUE GLOBAL Basketball DIRECTORY

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M

Match-ups. Any pairing of players on opposing teams who guard each other.

Man-to-man defense; March Madness; Match Up, Zone; MidPost & MVP (Most Valuable Player)
are included in the Basketball Game Glossary.

Moving Pick
is included in the Basketball Rules Glossary.

ALL THE TERMS ARE INCLUDED AND GLOBALIZED IN A UNIQUE GLOBAL Basketball DIRECTORY

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N

NBA (National Basketball Association); NCAA (National Collegiate Athletic Association); NCAA Tournament; NIT (National Invitational Tournament)
are included in the Basketball Game Glossary.

ALL THE TERMS ARE INCLUDED AND GLOBALIZED IN A UNIQUE GLOBAL Basketball DIRECTORY

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O

Offensive Rebound. A rebound of a team's own missed shot. An Offensive Rebound is credited to a player each time he retrieves a live ball immediately following a field goal attempt or a free throw attempt that is missed by himself or a teammate.

Off the dribble. A shot taken while driving to the basket.
This Term is Still GLOBALIZED at the
GLOBAL Basketball DIRECTORY 

Offense; Offense, Blocker / Mover; Offense, Early (EO); Offense, "Flex"; One-on-one; One shot; Open or "Open man"; Outlet; Outlet pass; Outside shooting
are included in the Basketball Game Glossary.

Officials; 1-and-1 or 1-plus-1; Out of bounds; Over the back; Over the limit; Overtime or OT
is included in the Basketball Rules Glossary.

ALL THE TERMS ARE INCLUDED AND GLOBALIZED IN A UNIQUE GLOBAL Basketball DIRECTORY

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P

PPG. Acronym for Points Per Game.

Prouty. Method of rating players by Jon Scott, based on averaging four areas: Offensive Efficiency, Total Offense, Possessions Gained and Win Rating. The various individual parts are based on a per minute basis.
This Term is Still GLOBALIZED at the
GLOBAL Basketball DIRECTORY 

Put back. Vea "Tip in".

Pass; Passer; Patience; Peek a Boo; Penetration; Pick; Pick-and-Pop; Pick-and-Roll; Picked off; Pick-up games; Pill; Pin hand; Pivot; Playmaker; Play Off; Point; Point guard; Point-shaving; Point spread; Possession; "Post" Post Position; Post-Up; Power forward; Press; Pressure Defense SOS; Pump fake; Push; Push line
are included in the Basketball Game Glossary.

Paint; Palming; Penalty situation; Period; Personal foul; Player-control foul; Possession arrow
are included in the Basketball Rules Glossary.

ALL THE TERMS ARE INCLUDED AND GLOBALIZED IN A UNIQUE GLOBAL Basketball DIRECTORY

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Q R

Rebound. When a player grabs a ball that is coming off the rim or backboard after a shot attempt. v. To Gather in and gain control of a missed shot; n. A missed shot that is retrieved.
This Term is Still GLOBALIZED at the
GLOBAL Basketball DIRECTORY 

Receiver. The player who receives a pass from the ball handler.

Run. Occurs when one team scores several field goals in quick succession while its opponents score few or none.

Red; Red Zone; Reverse pass; Rock; Rocker move; Rookie; Run-and-gun Offense; Run and Jump Defense; Run-and-shoot Offense
are included in the Basketball Game Glossary.

Regulation Game; Rim; Roster; Run
are included in the Basketball Rules Glossary.

ALL THE TERMS ARE INCLUDED AND GLOBALIZED IN A UNIQUE GLOBAL Basketball DIRECTORY

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S

Shooter. A player who takes a shot at the basket.

Steal (Balón robado). To take the ball away from the opposing team, either off the dribble or by picking off a pass. A Steal is credited to a player when he takes the ball away from an opponent by any legal means.
A steal cannot be credited unless a turnover has also been charged. However there are several instances when a turnover can be charged without a steal.
See the situations when a steal is credited and our interpretations at en Fórmulas > eBA.

Safety; Sag; Salary Cap; Scoring Opportunity; Scoring Opportunity; Screen Away; Screen, Running; Screen, Stationary; Set shot; Shooter's Roll; Shooting Range; Shoot off the Dribble; Short Corner; Shot; "Shot" Shuffle Offense; Sit on his leg; Sixth man; Skip; Sky-hook; Skywalk; Slam dunk; Small Forward; Smile; Spacing; Square; Squaring up; Starting Lineup; "Stick"; Strip; Strongside; Substitute; Swing Man; Swish Shot; Switch
are included in the Basketball Game Glossary.

Shooting Foot; Shot clock; Sidelines
are included in the Basketball Rules Glossary.

ALL THE TERMS ARE INCLUDED AND GLOBALIZED IN A UNIQUE GLOBAL Basketball DIRECTORY

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T

Team Rebound. A team rebound is recorded when a team gains possession as a result of a missed shot, but no one player gains control of the ball.
See the complete list of team-stats situations at the eBA System Area

Time Played. For the Official Statistics Interpretations, time is computed by full minutes only. If a player enters the game and appear for only one second he is given credit for a full minute. The rule of thumb is to subtract the partial minute from the player he replaces.

Tip-in (Cachetear). Empujar o cachetear un lanzamiento errado dentro del aro. Un "Put Back" en nuestra terminología del análisis de las Stats.

Traveling. A floor violation in which the ball handler commits a double dribble or takes more than the allowed two steps without dribbling the ball, after stopping his/her dribble on a drive to the basket.
Anytime a player possessing the ball is no dribbling, he must keep one foot - the pivot foot - planted on the floor, and he may not move it, or he is penalized for traveling. Results in a loss of possession. Also called: walking.

Triple-double (Triple doble). An relatively rare achievement in which a player accumulates doubles figures in three of the following categories in the same game: points, rebounds, assists, - which are the most common - and steals including blocked shots. A sign of great versatility.

Turnovers. When the offense loses possession through its own fault by passing the ball out of bounds or committing a floor violation, without attempting either a field goal or a free throw.
See the situations when a turnover is charged and our interpretations at the eBA System Area.

Target hand; 3-on-3; 3-point play; Tip-Off; Touch; Trailer; Transition; Trap; 360; Trey; Triangle Offense; Triple Threat
are included in the Basketball Game Glossary.

Team Fouls; 3-puntos, Tiro de (Triple); 3-second Violation; Timeline; Time Out; Time Played; Tip-in; Traveling; Trend
are included in the Basketball Rules Glossary.

ALL THE TERMS ARE INCLUDED AND GLOBALIZED IN A UNIQUE GLOBAL Basketball DIRECTORY

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U

Upset
is included in the Basketball Game Glossary.

Up and Down
are included in the Basketball Rules Glossary.

ALL THE TERMS ARE INCLUDED AND GLOBALIZED IN A UNIQUE GLOBAL Basketball DIRECTORY

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V W

Weak side; Weave Offense; Wing; WNBA
are included in the Basketball Game Glossary.

Violation
is included in the Basketball Rules Glossary.

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X Y


Z

Zipper cut; Zone, Match Up
are included in the Basketball Game Glossary.

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