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GLOSARIO DEL JUEGO DEL BASQUETBOL   

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Actualizado: 23/09/04
Revisión Final: 28/09/05

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de nuestros ARCHIVOS: Ver abajo !

28/09/2005 - Esta es la ULTIMA ACTUALIZACION de este GLOSARIO:
de hoy en más, los términos SON AGREGADOS Y GLOBALIZADOS
únicamente en el Directorio Global del Básquetbol
.

 A     B    C    D    E    F     G    H    I     J   K    L    M     N    O    P     Q   R    S    T     U    V   W    X   Y    Z 

Referencias:
Azul= Palabra con Enlace a otra letra en el DGB.
Marrón= Palabra referida en la misma letra.
Gris=      Palabra ya referida en el párrafo.
n.= Substantivo
v.= Verbo
1.,2.= Significados



Referencias
del Glosario:


CyberSports
USA.com

 

NAYSI
New Program

 

ENSEÑAR BALONCESTO A LOS JOVENES
BALONCESTO

Michael Wells Site

 

JGBASKET
Temas De Baloncesto

 

ESTRATEGIAS PARA SITUACIONES ESPECIALES EN BALONCESTO
ESTRATEGIAS
PARA SITUACIONES
ESPECIALES
EN BALONCESTO

Basketball
Schiedsrichter

 

LA BIBLIA DEL ENTRENADOR DE BALONCESTO: UNA GUIA SISTEMATICA Y EXHAUSTIVA DEL ENTRENAMIENTO
LA BIBLIA
DEL ENTRENADOR
DE BALONCESTO

 

EFyDEP

 

Baloncesto Formativo
en la red

 

 

Coach Ray Lokar

 

Databasket

 

SportsKnowHow - Basketball Home

 


A

ABA. The American Basketball Association, a professional league that existed for nine seasons, from 1967/68 through 1975/76. The league was noted for its red, white and blue ball, its fast-paced, high-flying brand of players and its most celebrated player, Julius Erving.
Este Término está YA GLOBALIZADO en el
DIRECTORIO GLOBAL DEL BASQUETBOL
.

ABL. The American Basketball League, a name used por several professional leagues, including a men's league in the early 60's and a recent now defunct, women's league.

Aislamiento. Ver Isolation.

Si los equipos tienen una superestrella, ellos podrían tratar de ubicarlo en situaciones donde él tiene el balón y espacio para crear jugadas y anotar. En una jugada de aislamiento, tres jugadores se ubican en el lado débil de la cancha - el área más lejos del balón - llevando a sus rivales con ellos. Los otros dos jugadores estarán envueltos en la jugada de aislamiento (casi siempre, uno en la zona pintada, y uno en el perímetro) donde jugarán un "dos contra dos" en el lado fuerte de la cancha.

Ala. El área de la cancha entre la línea de base y la bombilla, donde suelen jugar los escoltas.

Ala-Pivote. Vea "Power forward;.

Alero. El jugador ofensivo que juega a los lados de la canasta o cerca de la línea de base.

Alley-Oop. When a player lobs a pass above the basket and a teammate catches it in midair and put it in the basket on the way down.

Alley-Oop pass (Pase alley-oop). Una asistencia a un jugador que está corriendo en dirección al aro. Esta jugador salta, agarra la pelota en el aire, y clava o deja el balón en la canasta antes de tocar el campo otra vez. También conocido como "Lob Pass".

Armador. Vea "Point guard".

Ataque. El equipo con la posesión del balón.

Ataque BC. See Brooklyn-Case Attack.

Ataque "Flex". Ver Flex Offense.

Ataque rápido. Ver "Fast break".

Ataque "Shuffle". Ver Shuffle Offense.

Ataque Zonal. Una estrategia de ataque diseñada para anotar en la defensa zonal.

Ayuda. Ayuda a un compañero de equipo en defensa o ataque.

Air Ball; Altered Shot; Asistencia; & Assist;
están incluidos en el  Glosario de las Estadísticas del Básquetbol

Alive; Alternating-possession rule; Area Restringida & Ataque, Falta en;
están incluidos en el  Glosario de las Reglas del Básquetbol

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B

Back. Defensive terminology: sprint back to the basket.

Backcourt (Campo Trasero). 1. La mitad defensiva del campo del equipo. The area from the center line to the baseline nearest the basket being defended by the team. 2. Si se refiere a jugadores, los bases o defensas del equipo.

Backdoor play (Jugada de puerta trasera). Una jugada en donde un jugador le pasa el balón a un compañero en la parte de arriba de la llave y cuando los marcadores siguen la trayectoria del balón, el jugador corta (cuts) hacia el tablero desde el lado opuesto del campo para recibir una asistencia para tomar un lanzamiento sin marca.

Backscreen. Blind side screen on the defender above you.

Balance, Team play. See Team Play Balance.

"Ball". A defensive terminology: "I have the man with the ball !".

Ball Fake. A technique in which a player uses the ball to fake a shot or pass.

Ball Handler. 1. The player in control of the ball. 2. A player known for skillful handling of the ball: usually the point guard at the start of a play.
Este Término está YA GLOBALIZADO en el
DIRECTORIO GLOBAL DEL BASQUETBOL.

Ball-Man line. Imaginary line between the ball and your man.

Bang the Boards. To go after a rebound very aggressively. Also "Bang the Glass".

Bank Shot. A shot that is aimed at a spot on the backboard at such an angle so that it caroms, or "banks", into the basket.

Base. El jugador que es responsable de iniciar el ataque y subir el balón en la cancha.

Baseline Drive. A drive on which the player moves along the baseline toward the basket.

"Basket". A defensive terminology for the last man on the weakside: "I'm protecting the basket !".

Beat the Defender. When an offensive player, with or without the ball, is able to get past an opponent who is guarding him.

Belly cut. Cut from the wing to the basket.

Bench. Reserves. A team's substitutes, as in, "The Lakers have a very strong bench."

Blind or "no look" Pass. A pass from a ball handler who does not see the receiver, but is estimating where he should be.

Blocker / Mover Offense. The Blocker / Mover offense is a combination of everything that can be done on the Basketball court with the main ideas and concepts taken from former Wisconsin Coach Dick Bennett: spacing, ball movement, player movement, cutting, screening, wise shot selection, team play, taking care of the ball, rebounding, and scoring (which are the key ingredients that make for a great offense).
Este Término está YA GLOBALIZADO en el
DIRECTORIO GLOBAL DEL BASQUETBOL.

Block Out. The act of using one's body to prevent an opponent from rebounding the ball. Also known as "box out".

Block to block screen. Screen from block to block.

Bloquear. Técnica utilizada sobre un jugador para acceder a la posición de rebote. Ver también Block Out, Box Out.

Bloqueo. Un movimiento en que un jugador bloquea el camino del defensa para liberar a un compañero y que pueda tirar. No dejar pasar o lanzar al jugador que se defiende. Podemos encontrar bloqueo en movimiento, estático o indirecto.

Boosters. Alumni supporters of college teams.

Bote Rápido. Un tipo de bote utilizado para avanzar rápidamente empujando el balón delante del cuerpo.

Bounce Pass (Pase de Pique). Un pase de un compañero a otro que pica en el piso antes de ser recibido.

Box-and-Chaser.  A type of defense in which four players form a box, with two of them on each side of the free throw line, while the fifth is initially stationed near the top of the key and chases the ball as the opposition moves it around.

Box-and-One. A defense in which four players form a box, with two of them on each side of the free throw line, and the fifth guards an opponent one-on-one.

Box out (Bloquear a un jugador). Cuando un jugador pone su cuerpo entre el rival y el tablero para conseguir una mejor posición para la toma de rebotes.

Break. See fast break.

Break Away. A situation in which an offensive player gets ahead of the defense for an un contested shot.

Brick (Un ladrillo). Un lanzamiento con mucha fuerza que rebota en el tablero y se va afuera del campo.

Brooklyn-Case Attack. An attack system which uses a unique high to low post down screen action as a different point of attack. The BC uses three post attackers which places considerable pressure on the defensive zone interior and requires to have a particularly good point guard because the fifth attacker is used primarily as a baseline runner-scorer.
Este Término está YA GLOBALIZADO en el
DIRECTORIO GLOBAL DEL BASQUETBOL.

Bucket. Another name for the basket or a field goal.

Bunny. An open, uncontested shot, usually a layup or dunk. Also: snowbird.

Bury. v. To sink a shot cleanly, as in "bury a jumper".

Buzzer Beater. A shot that's made just before the buzzer sounds to signal the end of a period.

Balón Robado; & Blocked shot
están incluidos en el  Glosario de las Estadísticas del Básquetbol

Backboard; Ball; Balón; Balón Muerto; Baseline; Basket; Basket interference; Block; Blocking; Bloqueo ilegal; Board; Bonus Free Throw; Bonus Situation; & Botella
están incluidos en el  Glosario de las Reglas del Básquetbol

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C

Cager. A Basketball player; derived from the days when a wire mesh barrier surrounded the court to protect the fans from the players and vice versa.

Calles. Parte del contraataque donde los jugadores se dividen en tres calles, izquierda, derecha y centro. Se divide la cancha en tres partes iguales de arriba hacia abajo.

Cambio de Ritmo. Un movimiento en el que un jugador reduce la velocidad y repentinamente la aumenta para esquivar al oponente.

Catch-and-Shoot. A play in which a player receives a pass and shoot it immediately without squaring up so that the defender cannot reach in time.
Used by teams with great perimeter shooters, such us the Indiana Pacers, who design a lot of these kinds of plays around Reggie Miller.
Este Término está YA GLOBALIZADO en el
DIRECTORIO GLOBAL DEL BASQUETBOL.

CBA. The Continental Basketball Association, a professional league owned by Isaiah Thomas, a former NBA superstar, and affiliated with the NBA. The best CBA players are sometimes awarded NBA contracts, as was the case with John Starks, Anthony Mason and Adrian Griffin.

Center. A position in Basketball, the center of the offense, often played by the team's tallest player. The center is primarily called upon to take the tip-off and to stay close to the basket, in a post position where he can alter or block shot attempts, rebound and relay on close-range offensive moves, rather than jump shots, to score. Also referred to as the pivot man or the # 5 position.

"Clear". A defensive terminology: "Last man is clearing the basket area, need a new 'basket'" (see "Basket").

Clear Out. Eliminate any basket help ("erase the help"). See One-on-One.

Clear-Out. A play in which four offensive players position themselves on one side of the free throw line, thus clearing-out the other side so the fifth player can go one-on-one against a defender.

Clinic. Curso Intensivo de Básquetbol.

Close Down. Defensive terminology: close in on the man with ball, get down in stance.

Coast-to-Coast. From one end of the court to the other; it's entire length. Used of a player's movement or a pass. E.g., "He took the rebound and went coast-to-coast for a lay-up at the other end.

Collapsing Defense. A defense, often some kind of zone, in which defenders converge on the opposing center whenever the ball is passed to him.

Collective Bargaining Agreement. The agreement between the NBA and the Players Association that governs all terms and conditions of employment of NBA players by NBA teams.

Commissioner. The president of the NBA.

Contain. Defensive terminology: stop dribble penetration.

Contraataque. Ver "Fast break".

Controlar el Tablero. Obtener la mayoría de los rebotes.

Cornerman. A forward.

Cortar. Ver Cut (Cortada).

Cortina, Pantalla. Ver "Pick" .

"Court vision". A player's ability to see everything on the Court during play - such as where his teammates and defenders are set up - which enables him to make better choices in passing; a highly desirable quality in a point guard: the best possess this quality.
Este Término está YA GLOBALIZADO en el
DIRECTORIO GLOBAL DEL BASQUETBOL.

Crash the Boards. Same as bang the boards.

Create the Lead. Get open at the wing to begin the offense.

Cripple. A very easy shot, typically a lay-up with no defenders nearby.

Crossover Drible. When a ball handler dribbles the ball across his body from one hand to the other. Also called "rocking the baby".

Cross-Screen. Screen from strong side perimeter to the other side of the floor ( swing ).

Curl. Take screen tight and cut to the basket if the defense trails you.

Cushion. Defensive terminology: give the dribbler a step.

Cut. n. A strong move or/and a quick change in direction by an offensive player, usually toward the basket, to elude a defender and clear the defense to find an open area on the floor and get in position for a shot. v. To make a cut.

Cheat. Defensive terminology: anticipate the next pass.

"Check". A defensive terminology: "My man is flashing to the strongside, need a new 'basket'" (see "Basket";).

Chest Pass. A two-handed pass thrown by a player to a teammate from chest level.

Chucker. A player who never met a shot he didn't like.

Convert; Charge or Charging; Charge Drew & Charging
están incluidos en el  Glosario de las Estadísticas del Básquetbol

Caminar; Canasta; Cargar; Carrying or Palming; Carry the Ball; Center Circle; Center Line; Center Official; Cords; Corner; Court; Cylinder & Charity Stripe
están incluidos en el  Glosario de las Reglas del Básquetbol

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D

Dar y Seguir. Ver Give and Go.

Defensa de Ajuste. Ver Match Up Zone.

Defensa en Zona. Ver Zona.

Defensa hombre a hombre. Un tipo de defensa donde cada jugador tiene la responsabilidad de defender a un atacante.
Este Término está YA GLOBALIZADO en el
DIRECTORIO GLOBAL DEL BASQUETBOL.

Defense. The act of preventing, or attempting to prevent, the offense from scoring. Also the team without the ball
See: Collapsing Defense; Run and Jump Defense.

Defense Run and Jump. See Run and Jump Defense

Deny the ball (Negar el balón). Evitar que un oponente consiga el balón marcándolo desde muy cerca, colocándose entre el rival y el balón.

Depth. Get behind the defense with step toward baseline before cutting.

Diamond-and-One Defense. A defense in which four players form into a diamond shape, one on each side of the line, one near the basket, and one near the free-throw, while the fifth defender covers an opponent one on one.

Dictate. Defensive terminology: force dribbler in one direction.

Dig. Defensive terminology: drop into to the post and discourage any post move.

Dish. A pass. To pass the ball, as in 'dish it out'.

Dive. Cut to the basket down the lane.

Doblar al Hombre. Ver Double-team.

Doble Dribling. Ver Double Dribble.

Double. See Double-team.

Double, High. See High Double.

Double Post. An offensive set-up in which two players, typically the center and the power forward, are in post positions. They usually start in low post positions, one on each side of the basket, with one of them sometimes coming out to the high post as the ball moves around.

Double Pump. Two fake shots in rapid succession. Also used as a verb.

Double-team. The defensive tactic of two players guarding one. This tactic is often employed when defending against a dominant player, or when attempting to force a turnover by "trapping" the ball. Also called "Double".

Downcourt or Down the Court. The direction a team on offense moves, from its backcourt into its frontcourt and towards its own basket.

Downscreen. Screen for man below you, usually at the block.

Downtown. Far from the basket, often synonymous with beyond the 3-point arc. A shot from well behind the 3-point line. Also called: "Death Valley".

Dream Team. The name given by the media to the U.S. Basketball team that won the gold metal at the 1992 Barcelona Olympics. It was the first time non-amateurs were permitted to represent the country. Members of this team were Charles Barkley, Larry Bird, Clyde Drexler, Patrick Ewing, Magic Johnson, Michael Jordan, Christian Laettner, Karl Malone, Chris Mullin, Scottie Pippen, David Robinson and John Stockton.

Dream Team II. The name given by the media to the U.S. Basketball team that won the 1994 FIBA World Cup in Toronto, Canada; its members were Derrick Coleman, Joe Dumars, Tim Hardaway, Kevin Johnson, Larry Johnson, Shawn Kemp, Dan Majerle, Reggie Miller, Alonzo Mourning, Shaquille O'Neal, Mark Price, Steve Smith, Isaiah Thomas and Dominique Wilkins. Another Dream Teams were called in the 1996 and 2000 Olympics.

Drive to the basket. v. To move rapidly toward the basket with the ball.
n. An aggressive move toward the basket with the ball

Drop. v. To move or slide on the baseline.

Drop Step. n. A move on which a player, back to the basket, takes a step back on the side of a defender behind him, then turns and drives past him on that side.

Dunk. An athletic shot thrown forcefully downward through the basket, with one or two hands. A creative shot sometimes used to intimidate opponents.
Also: slam, slam-dunk, jam.

Defensive Board; Defensive Rebound; Double-Double & Double Figures
están incluidos en el  Glosario de las Estadísticas del Básquetbol

Dead Ball; Division Line; Double Foul; Dribble or Dribbling & Dribble Series
están incluidos en el  Glosario de las Reglas del Básquetbol

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E

Early. Outlets at half court (pop).

Early Offense. See Offense, Early (EO).

Escolta. Un jugador de ataque que se mueve en el perímetro o lejos de la canasta.
Ver también: Guard.

Elbow; Elbowing; End line; Established Position & Establish Position
están incluidos en el  Glosario de las Reglas del Básquetbol

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F

Fade. Take screen flatter if the defense goes ball side.

Fadeaway Jumper Same as fallaway jumper.

Fake or Feint. A deceptive move to throw a defender off balance and allow an offensive player to shoot or receive a pass; players use their eyes, head or any part of the body to trick an opponent. Also: Ball fake; Fake shot.

Fallaway Jumper A jump shot on which the player jumps somewhat backward as well as up before launching the shot, to make it more difficult to block.

Fan. Defensive terminology: encourage the dribbler to the sidelines.

Fast break (Ataque rápido). Una jugada en donde un equipo gana la posesión del balón - a través de un steal o de un rebote defensivo - y cambia la dirección del juego en sentido contrario rápidamente con un outlet pass hacia el midcourt, intentando conseguir un buen lanzamiento antes que la defensa oponente se logre acomodar en sus posiciones. También llamada run-and-shoot offense o run-and-gun offense.
Ver la interpretación para el análisis del Fast Break en Area de Sistema eBA .

FIBA. The International Basketball Federation, the Basketball's international governing body.

Fill. Cut to the vacant spot.

Final Four. The four teams that make it to the semifinals of the most important tournaments and leagues.

Finals, NBA. The annual championship series of the of the NBA's post-season.

Finta. Ver: Fake. Un movimiento del cuerpo utilizado para defender nuestra posición. También: Finta de Balón; Finta de Tiro.

Flare. Move or slide from the point or guard spot to the wing.

Flash. Cut from the weakside to the strong side post.

Flex Offense. The Flex Offense employs an effective ball movement to "flex" defenses between strong and weak side help with consistent ball reversal from side to side. This idea became a popular offense in the 70's based in part on the great success of Coach Carroll Williams at Santa Clara University.
Este Término está YA GLOBALIZADO en el
DIRECTORIO GLOBAL DEL BASQUETBOL.

Floor. The area of the court within the end lines and sidelines.

Forward. A frontcourt position. Players at this position are either classified as a small forward or a power forward depending upon their specific areas expertise, and often their size: forwards are usually smaller than the center and bigger than the guards; often a team's highest scorers.

Foul trouble (Problema de faltas). Cuando un jugador está cerca del límite de faltas personales antes de ser descalificado del juego, o un equipo que está cerca del límite de faltas permitidas por período después del cual cada falta se transforma en lanzamientos libres.

Franchise. A professional team.

Franchise Player. A star player around which a franchise is built.

Free Agent, restricted. An NBA player whose contract has expired and who has received a "qualifying offer" from his current club which provides a salary level predetermined by the collective bargaining agreement. While this player is free to negotiate an offer from a any new team, his current team retains the right of first refusal to match that offer at least 125% of the player's previous salary or $250.000 (whichever is greater) within 15 days of another team making an offer, thereby obligating him to remain with his current team.

Free Agent, unrestricted. A player who has completed his 3rd. NBA season (or 4th. season, if his current team exercised its "option" to have him play for a 4th. year), and have more than 5 years in the NBA, or he must have been fired ("put on waivers") and is free to negotiate a contract with other NBA teams without his current team having a right of first refusal.

Free Throw Line extended. An imaginary line drawn from the free throw line to the sideline to determine the location of certain throw-ins.

Freeze. Dribble at a defender, make him guard you before you pass.

Frontcourt. A team's offensive half of the court: the area between the midcourt line and the end line closest to the offense's basket. As it refers to players, a team's center and forwards (e.g. "They have one of the biggest frontcourts in the league - they're 6'5" or taller.")

Full Court Press. A defensive tactic that requires the defending team to guard its opponents over the entire length of the court: defenders start guarding the offense in the backcourt. It is a fast-paced, swarming style of defense most often intended to create a turnover or stop an opponent from advancing the ball quickly.

Funnel. Defensive terminology: influence the dribbler to the middle.

Field goal -FG-; Field Goal Attempts (FGA) & 4-Point Play
están incluidos en el  Glosario de las Estadísticas del Básquetbol.

Falta; Falta en Ataque; Falta en Tiro; Falta Intencional; Falta Técnica; False Double Foul; False Multiple Foul; Flagrant foul; Floor Violation; Foul; Foul Circle; Foul Lane; Foul Line; Foul Out; Foul Shot & Free Throw Line
están incluidos en el  Glosario de las Reglas del Básquetbol

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G

Game shots. Prepare for shots in offense at game speed.

Gancho, Tiro de. Vea "Hook shot" y "Sky-hook".

Gap. Step into seams in zone.

Give-and-go (Pasar y seguir). Una jugada en donde un jugador le pasa el balón a un compañero y entonces se corta hacia el tablero y recibe de regreso un pase para tomar un lanzamiento o clavar la pelota en el aro.

Glass. Defensive terminology: time your attack of the breakaway dribbler to strip the ball.

Go cut. Cut to the basket.

Guard. n. Court terminology, above the key offset to the strong or weak side. For players position, a backcourt position. The players at this position are the smallest on the court and are either classified as a point guard or a shooting guard, depending upon their specific skills. They usually handle setting up plays and passing to teammates closer to the basket.  v. To defend an offensive player.

Guarding. The act of following an opponent around the court to prevent him from getting close to the basket, taking an open shot or making easy a pass, while avoiding illegal contact.

Gunner. A frequent shooter.

Goal-average
está incluido en el  Glosario de las Estadísticas del Básquetbol.

Game Clock & Goaltending
están incluidos en el  Glosario de las Reglas del Básquetbol

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H

Hack. A hard foul. A player who commits a lot of fouls. To commit hard foul.

Half-court or set offense. When a team takes the time to develop a play in its "frontcourt", such as the give-and-go or a "screening play"; opposite of "fast break".
Este Término está YA GLOBALIZADO en el
DIRECTORIO GLOBAL DEL BASQUETBOL.

Half-Court Press A defensive tactic that requires the defending team to guard its opponents as soon as they cross the half-court line. Similar to the full-court press, it is fast-paced, swarming defense intended to create turnovers or slow down an opponent.

Hand-checking (Empujar). Una falta cuando un jugador usa sus manos para impedir el avance de un atacante.

Hang time (Suspendido en el aire). La cantidad de tiempo que un jugador puede mantenerse en el aire mientras que intenta un lanzamiento.

"Help". A defensive terminology: "I need help, rotate defensively !".

High Double. A play that would be used to isolate an athletic big man - such as Griffith, but it is equally dangerous at various points in the play due to the positioning of the other players in spots where they are more than confident to score or drive to set up teammates, and focus on getting the ball into the hands of his best scorers at critical times.
Este Término está YA GLOBALIZADO en el
DIRECTORIO GLOBAL DEL BASQUETBOL.

High Post. The imaginary area around the free throw circle, outside either side of the foul lane at the free-throw line. At the "elbow". Players that reside in this area are often referred to as "high post" players.

Hombre a hombre, Defensa. Ver Defensa hombre a hombre.

Hook shoot (Tiro de gancho). Un lanzamiento difícil, usualmente tomado desde el low post. Un lanzamiento tomado en un movimiento del brazo en gancho. Puede ser tomado en movimiento o estacionario.

Hoop (Aro). La canasta o el aro. También slang por jugar al básquetbol.

High percentage shot
está incluido en el  Glosario de las Estadísticas del Básquetbol.

Hardwood & Held Ball
están incluidos en el  Glosario de las Reglas del Básquetbol

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I

Inbounds Pass. A pass that occurs after a stoppage in play. An offensive player stands out-of-bounds and has five seconds to pass the ball inbounds, thus restarting the action. If the inbounds passer fails to do so, he/she is called for a five-second violation and a turnover results.

Isolation. An offensive play to isolate one of the players to let him to get the ball in dangerous scoring position.
Este Término está YA GLOBALIZADO en el
DIRECTORIO GLOBAL DEL BASQUETBOL.

Illegal Defense
está incluido en el  Glosario de las Reglas del Básquetbol

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J K

Jump hook (Tiro de gancho en salto). Un lanzamiento en gancho mientras se salta, popular entre los jugadores altos porque es difícil de bloquear.

Jump shot. A shot taken after a player jumps in the air and releases the ball on the way up or at the peak of the jump. Proper jump shot technique is difficult to master.
Este Término está YA GLOBALIZADO en el
DIRECTORIO GLOBAL DEL BASQUETBOL.

Jump hook. A hook shot taken while jumping, popular among big men because it is difficult to block.

Kick it. Pass to open man ahead to you.

J.
está incluido en el  Glosario de las Estadísticas del Básquetbol.

Jump ball; Key & Kicking
están incluido en el  Glosario de las Reglas del Básquetbol

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L

Lado Débil o de Ayuda. Lado de la cancha opuesto a donde está el balón.
Ver Week Side.

Lado Fuerte o del Balón. Si se divide la cancha en dos por la zona, es el lado de la cancha donde está el balón.

Lanes. Wings stay out wide on the fast break.

Layup or layin. A shot taken after driving to the basket by leaping up under the basket and using one hand to drop the ball directly into de basket (layin> or to bank the ball off the backboard into it (layup).

Leading the receiver. When a passer throws the ball where he thinks a receiver is headed.
Este Término está YA GLOBALIZADO en el
DIRECTORIO GLOBAL DEL BASQUETBOL.

Limpio, Tiro. Un lanzamiento directo; un Swish Shot; swisher.

Línea de Fondo. Vea "Baseline".

Línea de Pase. El camino imaginario del balón, desde el jugador que pasa hasta el destinatario del pase.

Live ball. As soon as a ball is given to a free-throw shooter or a thrower on a throw-in, it is live, but the game clock does not restart until the ball is alive.

Lob pass. See Alley-Oop.

Low post. The imaginary area at the base of the foul lane to either side of and close to the basket. On the "block". See "Pivot"

Lower percentage shot
está incluido en el  Glosario de las Estadísticas del Básquetbol.

Lane; Lane violation; Live ball & Loose-ball
están incluido en el  Glosario de las Reglas del Básquetbol

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M

Manejo del Balón. Ver Ball Handler.

Man-to-man defense. Ver Defensa hombre a hombre.

March Madness. Ver NCAA Tournament.

Match Up, Zone (Defensa de Ajuste). An aggressive defense version which allows your team to force the offense away from the middle of the court, invite traps in the corners and at the wings, front at the post, put heavy ball pressure on the point guard, and limit the opponents’ offensive options while creating numerous turnover opportunities.
Este Término está YA GLOBALIZADO en el
DIRECTORIO GLOBAL DEL BASQUETBOL.

Match-ups. Any pairing of players on opposing teams who guard each other.

Mate o Volcada. Ver Dunk.

Un lanzamiento en el que las manos están por encima del aro y el balón entra en la canasta.

MidPost. Court terminology, between the low and high post.

MVP (Most Valuable Player). An award recognizing the player who contributed most to the regular season or to the finals.

Match-ups
está incluido en el  Glosario de las Estadísticas del Básquetbol.

Moving Pick
está incluido en el  Glosario de las Reglas del Básquetbol

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N

NBA (National Basketball Association). A professional league created in 1949 that now has 27 teams in the U.S. and 2 Canadian teams.

NCAA (National Collegiate Athletic Association). A voluntary association of over 1.200 colleges and universities in the U.S. whose role is to establish standards and protect the integrity of amateurism for student-athletes.

NCAA Tournament. An annual competition between 64 college teams to crown a national champion; also called March Madness because the three-week-long event is held during March; see also Final Four.

Negar el Pase o el Balón. Una táctica defensiva para impedir el pase o un lanzamiento. Ver "Deny the Ball".

NIT (National Invitational Tournament). The oldest college tournament, in which 32 teams not selected to the NCAA Tournament compete each year.

Net (Red)
está incluido en el  Glosario de las Reglas del Básquetbol

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O

Offense. The team with possession of the ball.

Offense, Blocker / Mover. Ver Blocker / Mover Offense.

Offense, Early (EO). To advance the ball quickly into the front court areas and attack before the defense is able to become organized into a disruptive force.
Este Término está YA GLOBALIZADO en el
DIRECTORIO GLOBAL DEL BASQUETBOL.

Offense, "Flex". See Flex Offense.

One-on-one. Describes a situation in which an offensive player has possession of the ball and is attempting to score against a single defender.

One shot. Last shot at the end of quarter and half.

Open or "Open man". When a player is unguarded by a defender. An unguarded player.

Outlet. Court terminology, free throw line extended on the defensive end of the floor (see "Wing").

Outlet pass (Pase de salida). Un pase hecho por un jugador después de haber tomado un rebote a un compañero, generalmente en la mitad del campo para comenzar un ataque rápido.

Outside shooting. Shots taken from the perimeter.

Offensive Rebound; Off the dribble
están incluidos en el  Glosario de las Estadísticas del Básquetbol.

Officials; 1-and-1 or 1-plus-1; Out of bounds; Over the back; Over the limit; Overtime or OT
están incluidos en el  Glosario de las Reglas del Básquetbol

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P

Pantalla, Cortina. Ver "Pick" y "Pick-and-Roll".

Pasar y seguir. Ver "Give and go".

Pase. Ver "Pass".

Pase de Baseball. Un pase sobre el hombro, similar al que utilizan los jugadores de béisbol.

Pase de Pecho. Un pase con las dos manos desde el pecho del jugador que pasa.

Pase de Pique o Picado. Ver " Bounce Pass".

Pase de Salida o de Apertura. Ver "Outlet pass".

Pase Sobrecabeza. Un pase con dos manos por encima de la cabeza.

Pass. v. To transfer the ball from one player to another, either at short or long distances. n. The act of throwing the ball to a teammate; it is used to start plays, move the ball downcourt, keep it away from defenders and get it to a shooter. There are many variations of the pass, including the chest pass, lob pass, bounce pass, hook pass, baseball pass, no-look pass and behind-the-back pass.

Passer. The player who passes the ball to a teammate.

Patience. Slow down and look for a good shot ("possession").

Peek a Boo. Fake around the screen and go to the other way.

Penetration (Penetración). Dribble through the defense, into the defensive perimeter in an attempt to get closer to the opponents' basket. Penetration is intended to create either shot or a pass to a teammate who is in position to shoot.

Pick (Pantalla). Cuando un jugador ofensivo libera a un compañero para que tome un lanzamiento abierto, al establecer una pantalla que no le permite al rival defender al lanzador. Si el jugador que establece la pantalla no está inmóvil y hay contacto con el rival, la jugada resulta en una falta ofensiva y su equipo pierde la posesión del balón.

Pick-and-Pop. Screen on the ball, then pop out on the perimeter.

Pick-and-Roll (Pantalla con giro). Una jugada en donde un jugador en la ofensiva proporciona una pantalla, después "gira" hacia el tablero y recibe un pase de un compañero para tomar un lanzamiento abierto.
"You are the point guard. The power forward is in the low post, the center in the high post. You bring the ball up court and pass to the center, who draws a double team and kicks it out to you. You pass to the left or right wing just as another guard comes up and sets a pick for you. Now you "roll" to the basket to get the pass for a lay-up or open shot".

Picked off. Refers to a defender who has been successfully prevented from reaching the ball handler by an offensive screen.

Pick-up games. Seemingly spontaneously generated games played among players who just met anywhere a Basketball hoops exists. Unorganized and unscheduled but with a uniform code of rules, lingo, and even fashion.

Pill. Ball.

Pin hand. One arm holding the defender away in the post.

Pivot (Pivó) (1). Un centro ; el jugador de ataque que se sitúa en el centro de la cancha cerca de la canasta, sobre la línea de tiros libres.
Este Término está YA GLOBALIZADO en el
DIRECTORIO GLOBAL DEL BASQUETBOL.

Pivot (Pivote) (2). El área cerca del tablero, generalmente donde juegan los centros, o el acto de cambiar de dirección, tras mantener uno de los pies en el suelo mientras el jugador arranca con el otro pie en una o más las direcciones.

Playmaker. A player - usually the point guard - who has the ability to make or/and set up plays with the ball for his teammates. Usually reserved for someone who creates good scoring opportunities for his/her teammates.

Play Off. Liguilla, fase eliminatoria.

Point. Court terminology, 1 guard front at the top of the key.

Point guard (Armador). Generalmente el jugador con mejor manejo de pelota del equipo y el hombre que organiza el juego ofensivo del equipo.

Point-shaving. An illegal practice where players intentionally win a game, but by fewer points than the point spread -see below-; led to 2 major college scandals (involved 32 of the biggest stars in the 1950s, then 22 colleges en 1961).

Este Término está YA GLOBALIZADO en el
DIRECTORIO GLOBAL DEL BASQUETBOL.

Point spread. A device established by bookmakers to equalize 2 teams for betting purposes; e.g., if a team is considered to be 4 points better than another, the spread is 4 points; to win a bet on the favorite, that team would to win by more than the spread (in this case, by more than 4 points); the margin of victory can be more important than whether a team wins or loses.

Posicionar. Ganar la posición.

Possession (Posesión). To be holding or in control of the ball.
Este Término está YA GLOBALIZADO en el
DIRECTORIO GLOBAL DEL BASQUETBOL.

"Post". A defensive terminology: "Man in the strong side low post !".

Poste. Una posición de ataque cerca de la canasta, normalmente ocupada por un pivot o un alero.

Poste Alto. Una posición de ataque cerca de la línea de los tiros libres. Ver también: "High Post".

Poste Bajo. Una posición de ataque cerca de la canasta, normalmente ocupada por un pivot o un alero. Ver también: "Low Post".

Post Position. The position of a player standing in the "Low Post" or "High Post".

Post-Up. Establish offensive position in the low post, close to the basket in an attempt to receive the ball and score at close-range.

Power forward (Ala-Pivote). Es el delantero más grande de los dos delanteros del equipo, quien generalmente recibe la responsabilidad sobre el reboteo y la anotación. Also referred to as the # 4 position.

Press (Presión). Marcar muy de cerca.

Pressure Defense SOS. A defensive tactic which set the tempo by striking first rather than reacting to an opponent's game plan. The SOS Pressure Defensive system is based on the concept of total disruption achieved by having the defense initiate the action and attacking the offense, forcing the offensive players to react and move away from their normal offensive actions.
Este Término está YA GLOBALIZADO en el
DIRECTORIO GLOBAL DEL BASQUETBOL.

Puerta Trasera, jugada de. Vea "Backdoor play".

Pump fake (Amague). Técnica ofensiva: un amague cuando un jugador hace como si fuera a lanzar pero en realidad no lo hace, esperando que su marcador salte y pierda la posición defensiva.

Push. Dribble quickly up the floor.

Push line. Point or containment of dribbler (cone, beat to a point).

Pelota al o de Aire; Pérdida; PPG; Prouty; Put back
están incluidos en el  Glosario de las Estadísticas del Básquetbol.

Paint; Palming; Pasos; Penalty situation; Perímetro (Perimeter); Period; Personal foul; Pivot, Pie de; Player-control foul (Falta en control); Possession arrow
están incluidos en el  Glosario de las Reglas del Básquetbol

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Q R

Red. Defensive terminology: Gamble for the steal and get the ball or a foul.

Red Zone. Court terminology: 8'-10' semi circle around the basket.

Red Zone. The deciding minutes of a game. Also called "money time", "closing minutes", here "the crunch time factor".

Este Término está YA GLOBALIZADO en el
DIRECTORIO GLOBAL DEL BASQUETBOL.

Reverse pass. Ball around perimeter to the other side of the floor (swing).

Ritmo, Cambio de. Un movimiento en el que un jugador reduce la velocidad y repentinamente la aumenta para esquivar al oponente.

Rock. Ball.

Rocker move. Pre dribble pivots to break down the defense.

Rookie. A player in his first NBA season.

Run-and-gun Offense. See Fast Break.

Run and Jump Defense. A man-to-man pressure defense which can be extended full court to the baseline, 3/4 court or even half court with multiple variations as simple as 1 Jump and done scenarios. This defense is designed to either speed or slow the offenses tempo, and to create a large number of turnovers in a short period of time.
Este Término está YA GLOBALIZADO en el
DIRECTORIO GLOBAL DEL BASQUETBOL.

Run-and-shoot Offense. See Fast Break.

Paint; Palming; Pasos; Penalty situation; Perímetro (Perimeter); Period; Personal foul; Pivot, Pie de; Player-control foul (Falta en control); Possession arrow

Quadruple-double (Cuádruple doble); Rebote (Rebound); Receiver; Rejection (Bloqueo); Release; Run
están incluidos en el  Glosario de las Estadísticas del Básquetbol.

Regulation Game; Reloj de lanzamiento; Rim; Roster
están incluidos en el  Glosario de las Reglas del Básquetbol

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S

Safety. As a Court Terminology: above the point prepared to get back on defense. As a Defensive terminology: fast break defenders.

Sag. A defensive tactic in which a player drops offs his man to help double-team a player in the pivot. Defensive terminology for: "play off your man", "stay close to the basket".

Salary Cap. An annual dollar limit that a single team may pay all its players.

Scoring Opportunity. When a player gets open for a shot that is likely to score.

Screen or Screener. n. The offensive player who stands between a teammate and a defender to give his teammate the chance to take an open shot. See also: Pick.

Screen Away. Bloqueo indirecto. Ver "Pick" .

Screen, Running. Bloqueo en movimiento. Ver "Pick" .

Screen, Stationary. Bloqueo estático. Vea "Pick" .

Set shot (Lanzamiento estacionario). Un lanzamiento que es tomado mientras que un jugador tiene ambos pies en el suelo en posición estacionaria. Era muy común en las primeras épocas del básquetbol, pero actualmente casi no existe, siendo reemplazado por el Jump Shot, mucho más difícil de bloquear. Vea "Jump shot".

Shooter's Roll . The ability to get even an inaccurate shot to bounce lightly off the rim and into the basket.

Shooting Range . The distance from which a player is likely to make his shots.

Shoot off the Dribble. A shot taken while driving to the basket.

Short Corner. Court terminology, about halfway between the block and the corner.

Shot. An attempt to put the ball in the basket. Some variations of the shot are the jump shot, the hook shot, the lay-up, the free throw and the dunk.

Este Término está YA GLOBALIZADO en el
DIRECTORIO GLOBAL DEL BASQUETBOL.

"Shot". A defensive terminology: "Shot is going up - block out !".

Shuffle Offense. The shuffle is a motion offense designed to isolate the 1 and 5 men as shooters and 2, 3, and 4 as cutters with post-up options. With it's constant motion the Shuffle makes it difficult for teams to maintain a balance between pressure on the ball and help away from the ball. It also forces teams with big men to have to defend outside on the perimeter and their guards to be effective at stopping the offense's smaller players from posting up in the paint.


Este Término está YA GLOBALIZADO en el
DIRECTORIO GLOBAL DEL BASQUETBOL.

Sit on his leg. Stay low while posting, make contact with defenders legs.

Sixth man (Sexto hombre). El primer y mejor suplente del equipo, usualmente el primer substituto en entrar al campo para reemplazar a un starter.

Skip. Overhead pass over the defense.

Sky-hook (Gancho). Un lanzamiento en gancho en el que el balón es lanzado cuando la mano del lanzador está en máximo del arco (fue utilizado muy efectivamente por Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, el líder de anotaciones de todos los tiempos de la NBA).

Skywalk ("Caminata espacial"). La habilidad de moverse lateralmente mientras se está en el aire.

Slam dunk. Vea "Dunk".

Small Forward. A frontcourt position that requires both guard and forward skills. Small forwards are often called upon to play close to and far away from the basket.

Smile.  Court terminology: 10'-14' crescent outside the (see) "red zone".

Spacing. Have proper floor balance and passing angles.

Square. Up face the basket (catch / turn & face, CTF).

Squaring up. When a player's shoulders are facing the basket as he releases the ball for a shot; considered good shooting position.

Este Término está YA GLOBALIZADO en el
DIRECTORIO GLOBAL DEL BASQUETBOL.

Starting Lineup. The five starters who begin a game; usually a team's best players.

"Stick". A defensive terminology: "Dribble 'dead', pressure ball, deny lanes, try for 5 count".

Strip. Defensive terminology: cut in front of the breakaway dribbler to strip the ball.

Strongside. Court terminology, side of the court on which the ball is in play.

Substitute (Suplente). a player who comes into the game to replace a player on the court.

Swing Man. A player who can play both the guard and forward positions.

Swish Shot. Un tiro directo, limpio.

Switch (Cambiar). Cuando dos compañeros intercambian sus tareas defensivas durante una jugada.

Shooter; Steal
están incluidos en el  Glosario de las Estadísticas del Básquetbol.

Salto; Shooting Foot; Shot clock; Sidelines
están incluidos en el  Glosario de las Reglas del Básquetbol

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T

Target hand. Hand showing the passer where he should throw the ball.

Team Play Balance. The balance between offensive and defensive play, inside and perimeter play, and ball-side and offside play, which a well-organized team must have -see the article-.

Este Término está YA GLOBALIZADO en el
DIRECTORIO GLOBAL DEL BASQUETBOL.

3-on-3. A game played with only 3 players on the court for each team.

3-point play. A 2-point field goal followed by a successful free-throw.

Tip-Off. The jump ball at the beginning of a game.

Tiro de gancho en salto. Vea "Jump hook".

Tiro en salto. Ver " Jump shot".

Tiro estacionario. Ver " Set shot".

Touch. Ability to shoot the ball softly.

Trailer (Seguidor). Un jugador ofensivo que sigue de atrás al ataque rápido pero que muchas veces está en una buena posición para anotar después que la primera onda de defensores lo deja atrás.

Transición Defensiva. La serie de situaciones defensivas - que es necesario entrenar y que transmiten una filosofía y una forma de entender el juego - a partir de que el equipo contrario, tras un lanzamiento nuestro o saque de fondo, haya tomado el rebote y se organice.

Este Término está YA GLOBALIZADO en el
DIRECTORIO GLOBAL DEL BASQUETBOL.

Transition (Transición). El cambio de la ofensiva a la defensiva, o vice versa, cuando el balón cambia de equipo. Defensively, when teams are slow in shifting are often victims of the opponent fast break. Offensively, also referred to a fast break.

Trap. A defensive tactic whereby two players converge upon the player with the ball in an attempt to create a steal or force a turnover.

360. Eludir a un defensa tras hacer un giro de 360 grados.

Trey. A 3-point shot.

Triangle Offense. "The" offensive scheme of the 90's, as practiced by the Chicago Bulls and now the L.A. Lakers. Invented at USC in the 1940's, coach Tex Winter brought it to Chicago in 1985 but it was not fully implemented until the arrival of Phil Jackson in 1989. Gets its name because the set-up always begins with 3 guards starting behind the 3-point line on the same side of the court. Superstars players dislike it because it relies on a lot of fast ball movement (i.e. unselfish play) and it can get complicated.

Triple Threat. Threat ready to pass, dribble or shoot.

Team Rebound; Technical foul or Ts (Falta técnica o "Técnico"); Time Played; Tip-in (Cachetear o Palmear); Traveling (Caminar, Pasos); Trend; Triple-double (Triple doble); Turnovers
están incluidos en el  Glosario de las Estadísticas del Básquetbol.

Tablero; Team Fouls; 3-puntos, Tiro de (Triple); 3-second Violation (Violación de los tres segundos); Throw-in; Timeline; Time Out; Tiro libre; Tiro Libre, Pasillo de; Traveling (Caminar, Pasos); 3 Segundos, Zona de
están incluidos en el  Glosario de las Reglas del Básquetbol

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U

Upset. When a higher-seeder (better) team loses to a lower-seeded (inferior) one.

Up and Down
está incluido en el  Glosario de las Reglas del Básquetbol

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V W

Weak side (Lado débil o de Ayuda). El lado del campo que está más lejos del balón.

Weave Offense. A weave is simply a consecutive series of: a dribble drive over a pick followed by a pass by the ball handler to a teammate, the passer following the pass to set a pick for the receiver, the receiver dribble driving over the pick and the pick setter rolling, if no scoring opportunity is present, the ball handler continues the series by passing the ball to a teammate and following the pass to set a pick for the receiver.

Este Término está YA GLOBALIZADO en el
DIRECTORIO GLOBAL DEL BASQUETBOL.

Wing.  The area of the court immediately to the left and right of the foul line. also known as the "free throw line extended on the offensive end".

WNBA. A professional women's league affiliated with the NBA.

Violación
está incluido en el  Glosario de las Reglas del Básquetbol

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X Y


Z

Zipper cut. Cut from the basket up the lane to the high post or point.

Zona, Defensa en. Un tipo de táctica defensiva donde los defensas son asignados a controlar una zona determinada de la cancha en lugar de un jugador oponente específico, debiendo controlar a cualquier jugador que ingrese a dicha zona. La defensa en zona fue hecha popular por los entrenadores del Este de los EE.UU. durante los años 1950. Comparar con defensa hombre-a-hombre.

Este Término está YA GLOBALIZADO en el
DIRECTORIO GLOBAL DEL BASQUETBOL.

Zone, Match Up. See Match Up Zone .

Zona Restringida
está incluido en el  Glosario de las Reglas del Básquetbol

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